Nutrition and Metabolism

Body can be made strong and healthy by the adequate meal and nutrition. These nutritive elements can be got from the meal. Hence, a great place is given to meal in the major body

Introduction:

Body can be made strong and healthy by the adequate meal and nutrition. These nutritive elements can be got from the meal. Hence, a great place is given to meal in the major body requirements. Some such foodstuffs are also supplied in the body through the meals which are necessary for the assimilation of meal in the body and for keeping the body system fit and fine. 

In brief, it can be said that that nutrition is a connection of those processes by which living beings gets essential things and uses them appropriately for sustaining their activity. Besides it, these things are also very necessary for the growth of body organs and their reconstruction...............................

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1. Essential Nutrients :

Some special elements are found in our meal for the healthy life. These elements are called essential nutrients too. The functions of these nutrients are also different and they supply...............................

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2. Metabolism :

During the actions of every moment, living cells of the body are involved in the work of transformation of chemical and energy continuously for keeping the body alive and healthy................................

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3. Essential Nutritive Elements of Food :

Such elements are as carbohydrate, proteins, fat, mineral salt, vitamins and water. Such foodstuffs are essential for healthy life. Each kind of nutritive element among these provides...............................

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4. Chemical reactions :

Anabolism is structural metabolism in many all bio chemical reactions are included which make and develops cells and repair broken cells. For the general functions of the body, ...............................

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5. Metabolism of Carbohydrates :

The saliva, pancreas juice and enzymes present in the intestinal juice reaction on the carbohydrates taken as starch or sugar in meal in the digestive tract and transform them...............................

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6. Metabolism of proteins :

There are 20 types of amino acids in the protein taken at the time of having meal. Among these, there are nine kinds of essential amino acids because there is no synthesis of them...........................

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7. Metabolism of fat :

Fats get disintegrated fatty acids and glycerol by the lipase and pancreatic juice as they reach into the digestive tract. These substances are absorbed by the villi in the small intestines................................

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8. Basal metabolism :

All the metabolic changes in the complete mental and physical rest and after 12 hours of taking meal viz after the proper absorption of the meal are called basal metabolism................................

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9. Factors affecting basal metabolic Rate :

The metabolic rate starts to decrease as the age grows day by day. Generally this rate is much in children comparison to adult people because the children need much energy...............................

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10. Caloric value of food :

The value of any food stuff can be known on the base of the energy which originates after its oxidation. Energy is measured in calories. One calorie is that quantity of energy which...............................

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