Ujjayi pranayama


UJJAYI PRANAYAMA


Introduction-

        Ujjayi word means vijayi or winner. A person wins air (breath) by the practice of this pranayama. This pranayama helps in the awakening of kundilini power. The practice of this pranayama has been considered beneficial for both male and female. Do the pranayama practice at neat, clean and airy place. The practice of this pranayama can be done by three ways as in sitting, lying and standing position.

Three techniques of the practice of this pranayama-

 Sit in padma asana or sukha asana for the practice of this pranayama. Close your mouth and take breath through both the nostrils. The air should be taken until the air fills the lungs completely. After that, Technique of sitting position-

        Sit in padma asana or sukha asana for the practice of this pranayama. Close your mouth and take breath through both the nostrils. The air should be taken until the air fills the lungs completely. After that, stop your breath for sometime and close to the right nostril and exhale from the left nostril slowly. Fluff your chest while inhaling and keep one thing in the brain that the sound of snorts should come out while inhaling and exhaling. Thus, do the practice of this activity five times in the beginning and increase its number till 20 times slowly.

        According to some yoga shastras, the practice of pranayama should be done with bandhas. Here is a technique of Ujjayi Pranayama with bandha-

        First, sit in padma or sukha asana and take deep breath. After filling air, stop your breath and apply jalandhara bandha and close your eyes and exhale. Do the practice of moolbandha by stopping the breath for 1-2 seconds. Shrink your anus for moolbandha. Stay in this position as much as it is possible and exhale from the left nostril while opening the moolbandh. After exhaling completely, don’t take breath for some seconds and then take breath.

        Keep one thing in the brain that do this activity by closing the eyes for five times in the beginning but increase its time slowly.

 Sit in padma asana or sukha asana for the practice of this pranayama. Close your mouth and take breath through both the nostrils. The air should be taken until the air fills the lungs completely. After that, Technique of standing position-

        First, stand straight for the practice of this pranayama. Now join both the heels together and keep the tiptoes stretched. Keep your eyes on normal height on the front side. Keep both the hands in both the armpits normally and keep the body straight. After that, make the tongue shape like a pipe and bring out between the lips a little and exhale internal air from this pipe shaped tongue.

        When the complete air of inside comes out from the body, close mouth and take deep breath through both the nostrils slowly. Keep one thing in the brain do not give much pressure while taking breath. After taking breath, stop breath inside as much as you can stop. After that, leave your body loose and exhale slowly. Thus, take rest for 7-8 seconds after doing it one time. Do this activity three times at first day and increase the number of practice slowly. The practice of this pranayama should be done once a day.

 Sit in padma asana or sukha asana for the practice of this pranayama. Close your mouth and take breath through both the nostrils. The air should be taken until the air fills the lungs completely. After that, Technique of lying position-

        Spread a mat or bed sheet on the floor and lie down straight for the practice of this pranayama. Keep your body straight and the hands on the floor in both the sides. Keep both the feet joined together. Leave your whole body loose and keep the eyes up. Now take deep breath slowly. After that, make the body tight and stop your breath according to your capacity. Thereafter, leave your body loose and exhale (do the rechan). Thus, take rest for 2-3 seconds by completing one chakra and repeat this activity again.

Benefits-

        This pranayama is very useful for spiritualism and meditation. It increases vitality power in the body and keeps the mind calm and happy. It increases the will power and makes the body beautiful, healthy and shiny. The practice of this pranayama reduces the body warmth and increases digestion power and appetite. It prevents phlegmatic disorders and it is also very useful in case of asthma. It normalizes vatta, pitta and kapha.

        The practice of this pranayama without kumbhak ends insomnia. It makes the external and internal nervous system strong and active. This pranayama makes all the muscles of the body strong and powerful. It affects thyroid and parathyroid glands specially. Diseases of the lungs and heart are cured by this pranayama. It makes the heart pulsation normal. The blood becomes pure after entering the pure air. Constipation, indigestion, gas disorders, cough, fever, spleen, scrofula, goiter, tonsil, irritation etc. diseases are cured by the practice of this pranayama. The person, who has been suffering from high blood pressure, should do the practice of this pranayama. It is also useful in the treatment of impotency and nightfall.

Woman diseases-

        This pranayama is very useful in women problems. White leucorrhoea, dysmenorrhea, uterus diseases, menses problems are cured by the practice of this pranayama.

Special note-

        Think in your mind that the polluted air is coming out from the body at the time of exhaling breath and at the time of taking breath, think that the fresh air is entering into the body. The practice of bandha with pranayama awakens the vitality power which is situated in the navel.

Precaution-

         In all the three activities purak, kumbhak and rechak activities, if a person does purak activity in one second, activity of kumbhak should be done in 4 seconds and rechak in 2 seconds. In this activity, the purak should be done by inhaling through both the nostrils and rechak should be done in double time than the time of purak. Keep one thing in the brain that the practice of this pranayama should not be done by shrinking the nose or by deforming the shape of the mouth.  

        In this activity, the person suffers from headache or giddiness during the practice of kumbhak and the reason behind it is the lack of clean air and taking such foodstuffs which increases constipation. After ending these causes, do the practice and if you feel giddiness in the head during the practice, number of breathing activity (inhaling or exhaling) should be reduced.

        If a person feels problems in the standing position or the body is weak or he feels giddiness in the head, he should do the practice of this pranayama in lying position.